Tips and tricks to creating a professional financial plan
The most challenging component of drafting a company plan is putting together a financial strategy. It is, however, one of the most significant. Businesses that have a complete financial plan are better positioned to pitch investors, acquire funding, and achieve long-term success.
Making a financial plan does not have to be tough. It should be based on your business plan and kept basic. Keep in mind that your business plan should incorporate market research and a sound marketing strategy. These will aid you in creating a firm basis for your calculations.
A financial plan, according to Chron, is a forecast of a company's future performance that is typically created using spreadsheet software. Creating a financial plan at least once a year can be incredibly advantageous to any organization. The plan helps a business owner manage cash flow more effectively by predicting scenarios that may result in cash shortages, such as seasonal revenue swings. The financial plan is often developed as part of a larger business planning process that involves setting goals and deciding on tactics to help the firm expand in the following year.
A financial plan is made up of five budgets that detail the very minimum for establishing a business, as well as the investments you'll need to make and how you'll fund them. This will allow you to determine whether your business idea is viable.
What type of revenue do you anticipate bringing in?
Is your company going to be profitable?
It also forces you to consider your financial flow and if you will be able to pay your expenses on time each month. Answering all of these questions in your company strategy is critical to your success.
• Finance budget: Your financial plan should include details on how you intend to fund your investing strategy. Personal capital (equity capital) or bank loans (borrowed capital) are two choices, or a combination of both.
• Investment budget: Your investment budget should include a list of the investments you'll need to get your firm started as well as those that can wait. This is an approximation of how much money you'll need to get started.
• Operating Costs: General and administrative expenses should be budgeted for. Calculate your facility's costs, such as rent, utilities, insurance, and recurrent legal fees. If available, use the prior year's data as a guide, but keep in mind that usual increases must be factored in. Profitability should be demonstrated through your profit and loss statement. This will allow you to forecast your revenue. The costs of running your company can next be investigated. Combining these elements will allow you to determine whether you will make a profit or a loss.
What information should be included in your profit and loss statement?
• Your salary (also called sales)
• Your "cost of sale" or "cost of goods sold" (COGS)—remember, some businesses, such as service businesses, may not have COGS.
• The difference between revenue and cost of products sold is your gross margin.
• Cash flow forecast: Income and expenditures might vary substantially over the course of a year. All revenue and expenses for a certain time period, such as a month or quarter, should be included in your cash flow forecast. This will show you when you will have extra money and when you will not. You won't be able to manage a healthy business until you have a complete awareness of how much money you have, where it comes from, where it's going, and when it's going to go. If you don't have a cash flow statement, which elegantly arranges that information for lenders and investors, you won't be able to raise funding.
• Personal expense plan: Create a personal cost forecast. Include any personal additions that will be required to carry out the strategies you created for the future year. Increasing the volume projected as part of a goal to increase response time to customer questions may demand the addition of customer support professionals. One alternative is to determine how much personal wealth you have and then adjust your financial strategy to your own circumstances. This includes determining how much money you'll need for yourself and your family, as well as how much tax you'll have to pay and what your operational expenditures will be. This allows you to calculate how much money you'll need to make ends meet.
• Estimated sales plan: Your sales estimate is an important part of your company plan, especially if you're working with lenders or investors, and it should be updated on a regular basis. Because each company's demands are different, there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all sales projection. How you categorize and organize your forecast depends on the type of business you have and how thoroughly you want to track your sales.
Need help writing/rewriting your CV? Click here to get started.